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Congress declaration against Queens Inhabitants
Journals of the Continental Congress
Heard's Order of Battle (Long Island) Aug 1776
Heard in Long Island 1776
Throckmorton-Lippit-Taylor Burying Ground


Congress declaration against Queens Inhabitants

The Committee on the state of New York, brought in a farther report, which being taken into consideration, was agreed to as follows:

Whereas a majority of the inhabitants of Queen's County, in the colony of New York, being incapable of resolving to live and die freemen, and being more disposed to quit their liberties than part with the little proportion of their property necessary to defend them, have deserted the American cause, by refusing to send deputies as usual to the convention of that colony; and avowing by a public declaration, an unmanly design of remaining inactive spectators of the present contest, vainly flattering themselves, perhaps, that should Providence declare for our enemies, they may purchase their mercy and favor at an easy rate; and, on the other hand, if the war should terminate to the advantage of America, that then they may enjoy, without expence of blood or treasure, all the blessings resulting from that liberty, which they, in the day of trial, had abandoned, and in defence of which, many of their more virtuous neighhours and countrymen had nobly died:

And although the want of public spirit, observable in these men, rather excites pity than alarm, there being little danger to apprehend either from their prowess or example, yet it being reasonable, that those who refuse to defend their country, should be excluded from its protection, and be prevented from doing it injury:

Resolved, That all such persons in Queen's county, aforesaid, as voted against sending deputies to the present convention of New York, and named in a list of delinquents in Queen's county, published by the convention of New York, be put out of the protection of the United Colonies, and that all trade and intercourse with them cease; that none of the inhabitants of that county be permitted to travel or abide in any part of these United Colonies, out of their said county, without a certificate from the convention or committee of safety of the colony of New York, ∥setting forth,∥ that such inhabitant is a friend to the American cause, and not of the number of those who voted against sending deputies to the said convention; and that such of the said inhabitants as shall be found out of the said county, without such certificate, be apprehended and imprisoned three months.

Resolved, That no attorney or lawyer ought to commence, prosecute, or defend any action at law, of any kind, for any of the said inhabitants of Queen's county, who voted against sending deputies to the convention, as aforesaid; and such attorneys or lawyers as shall contravene

Journals of the Continental Congress

this resolution, are enemies to the American cause, and ought to be treated accordingly.

Resolved, That the convention or committee of safety of the colony of New York be requested to continue publishing, for a month, in all their gazettes or news papers, the names of all such of the inhabitants of Queen's county, as voted against sending deputies; and to give certificates, in the manner before recommended, to such others of the said inhabitants, as are friends to American liberty.

And it is recommended to all conventions, committees of safety, and others, to be diligent in executing the above Resolutions.

Resolved, That Colonel Nathaniel Heard, of Woodbridge, in the colony of New Jersey, taking with him five or six hundred minute men, under discreet officers, do march to the western part of Queen's county, and that Colonel Waterbury, of Stanford, in the colony of Connecticut, with the like number of minute men, march to the eastern side of said county; that they confer together, and endeavour to enter the said county on the same day; that they proceed to disarm every person in the said county, who voted against sending deputies to the said convention, and cause them to deliver up their arms and ammunition on oath, and that they take and confine in safe custody, till further orders, all such as shall refuse compliance.

That they apprehend and secure, till further orders, the persons named as principal men among the disaffected in the said county, in a summons for their appearance before the convention of New York, issued the 12 of December last, viz.

Of Jamaica township, Captain Benjamin Whitehead, Charles Arden, Joseph French, Esqr. Johannes Polhemus.

Of Newtown, Nathaniel Moore, John Moore, Senr.

Heard's Order of Battle (Long Island) Aug 1776

Long Island order of battle
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The following units and commanders of the British and American armies fought in the Battle of Long Island of the American Revolution.

British Army
Sir William Howe, commanding

Clinton's Division
Lt. Gen. Sir Henry Clinton

3rd Brigade light Infantry
1st Battalion Light Infantry
2nd Battalion Light Infantry

Cleveland's Division
Brig. Gen. Samuel Cleveland

1st Artillery Brigade
2nd Artillery Brigade
3rd Artillery Brigade

First Line
1st Brigade
Brig. Gen. James Robertson
4th Regiment of Foot (The King’s Own)
15th Regiment of Foot
27th Regiment of Foot
45th Regiment of Foot
2nd Brigade
Maj. Gen. Robert Pigot
5th Regiment of Foot
28th Regiment of Foot
35th Regiment of Foot
49th Regiment of Foot
5th Brigade
Brig. Gen. Francis Smith
22nd Regiment of Foot
43rd Regiment of Foot
54th Regiment of Foot
63rd Regiment of Foot
6th Brigade
Maj. Gen. James Agnew
23rd Regiment of Foot
44th Regiment of Foot
57th Regiment of Foot
64th Regiment of Foot
Maj. Gen. Edward Mathews
1st Battalion Guards
2nd Battalion Guards
Maj. Gen. George Preston
17th Light Dragoons

Second Line
Lt. Gen. Hugh Earl Percy
3rd Brigade
Maj. Gen. Valentine Jones
10th Regiment of Foot
37th Regiment of Foot
38th Regiment of Foot
52nd Regiment of Foot
4th Brigade
Maj. Gen. James Grant
17th Regiment of Foot
40th Regiment of Foot
46th Regiment of Foot
5th Regiment of Foot
Brig. Gen. William Ershine
1st Battalion, 71st Fraser Highlanders
2nd Battalion, 71st Fraser Highlanders
3rd Battalion, 71st Fraser Highlanders

Lt. Gen. Charles Earl Cornwallis
1st Battalion Grenadiers
2nd Battalion Grenadiers
3rd Battalion Grenadiers
4th Battalion Grenadiers
33rd Regiment of Foot
42nd The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment)

Hessian Division
Lt. Gen. Leopold Philip de Heister
Baron Wilhelm von Knyphausen, second in command
Maj. Gen. von Mirbach
Fusilier Regiment von Knyphausen
Fusilier Regiment von Lossberg
Grenadiere Regiment von Rall
Maj. Gen. J.D. von Stirn
Musketeer Regiment von Donop
Musketeer Regiment von Mirback
Fusilier Regiment Erbprinz (Hereditary Prince)
Col. Count Carl von Donop
Grenadier Battalion von Linsing
Grenadier Battalion von Block
Grenadier Battalion von Minnegerode
Jaeger Corps
Col. F.W. von Lossberg
Fusilier Regiment von Ditfurth
Musketeer Regiment von Trumbach
Musketeer Regiment Leib

American Army
Gen George Washington, commanding

Commander of Artillery: Col. Henry Knox
Commanding in Brooklyn: Maj. Gen. Israel Putnam

Putnam's Division
Maj. Gen. Israel Putnam

Brig. Gen. James Clinton
3rd Cont. (Mass.)
13th Cont. (Mass.)
23rd Cont. (Mass.)
26th Cont. (Mass.)
Brig. Gen. John Morin Scott
1st New York Independent Battalion
2nd New York County Battalion
New York Militia Regiment
New York Militia Regiment
Brig. Gen. John Fellows
Worcester County (Mass.) Militia
Plymouth and Bristol County (Mass.)
Berkshire County (Mass.) Militia
14th Cont. (Mass.) “The Marblehead Regiment”

Heath's Division
Maj. Gen. William Heath

Brig. Gen. Thomas Mifflin
3rd Pennsylvania Battalion
5th Pennsylvania Battalion
16th Cont. (Mass.)
27th Cont. (Mass.)
Ward’s (Conn.) Battalion
Brig. Gen. George Clinton
New York Militia Regiment
New York Militia Regiment
New York Militia Regiment
New York Militia Regiment
New York Militia Regiment

Spencer's Division
Maj. Gen. Joseph Spencer

Brig. Gen. Samuel Holden Parsons
10th Cont. (Conn.)
17th Cont. (Conn.)
20th Cont. (Conn.)
21st Cont. (Mass.)
22nd Cont. (Conn.)
Brig. Gen. James Wadsworth
Connecticut Levies
Connecticut Levies
Connecticut Levies
Connecticut Levies
Connecticut Levies
Connecticut Levies
Connecticut Levies

Sullivan's Division
Maj. Gen. John Sullivan

Brig. Gen. William Alexander, Lord Sterling
5th Maryland Regiment
1st Delaware Regiment
Pennsylvania Rifle Regiment
Pennsylvania Musketeers
Pennsylvania Militia Regiment
Lancaster County (Pennsylvania) Militia
Brig. Gen. Alexander McDougall
1st New York Regiment
3rd New York Regiment
19th Cont. (Conn.)

Green's Division
Maj. Gen. Nathanael Greene

Brig. Gen. John Nixon
1st Cont. (Penn.)
9th Cont. (R.I.)
11th Cont. (R.I.)
4th Colonial Infantry (Mass. Battalion)
7th Colonial Infantry (Mass. Battalion)
13th Cont. (Mass.)
Brig. Gen. Nathaniel Heard
New Levies (New Jersey)
New Levies (New Jersey)
New Levies (New Jersey)
New Levies (New Jersey)
New Jersey Militia Regiment

Connecticut Militia

Connecticut Militia Regiment
Connecticut Militia Regiment
Connecticut Militia Regiment
Connecticut Militia Regiment
Connecticut Militia Regiment
Connecticut Militia Regiment
Connecticut Militia Regiment
Connecticut Militia Regiment
Connecticut Militia Regiment
Connecticut Militia Regiment
Connecticut Militia Regiment
Connecticut Militia Regiment

Long Island Militia
Brig. Gen. Nathaniel Wood hull

Suffolk County (N.Y.) Militia
King's and Queen's County (N.Y.) Militia

Gallagher, John J. The Battle of Brooklyn 1776. Edison, New Jersey: Castle Books, 1995. ISBN 0-7858-1663-1

Retrieved from ""

Heard in Long Island 1776

New York State, probably the most Loyalist state in the colonies, furnished 15,000 men to the British army and another 8,000 to local militias, according to one historian, and Long Island contributed undocumented thousands to these numbers. Seven of the military units that operated on Long Island, and especially harassed the heavily Patriot Suffolk County residents, were composed of Loyalists, rather than British soldiers.

Alarmed at Hempstead's refusal to support the Patriot cause, the Continental Congress in early 1776 ordered Col. Nathaniel Heard to take 500 or so of his New Jersey militia and disarm every dissenting Loyalist. Heard and his men cut a wide swath through Jamaica, Hempstead, Jericho and Oyster Bay, forcing 500 Tories to sign a loyalty oath and collecting a wide assortment of muskets, blunderbusses, swords and cutlasses.

The foray into Queens resulted in a famous piece of Loyalist doggerel making fun of Heard, sung to the tune of ``Yankee Doodle'':

Colonel Heard has come to town
In all his pride and glory.
And when he dies he'll go to hell
For robbing of the Tory.

Throckmorton-Lippit-Taylor Burying Ground

Welcome to the Throckmorton-Lippit-Taylor Burying Ground

On Penelope Lane in Middletown, New Jersey

Middletown is one of the oldest settlements in New Jersey, and this is the oldest recorded family burying ground in Middletown. The men, women and children interred here represent some of the earliest settlers of the town, and their lives reflect those who founded our country. They were merchants, cabinetmakers, carpenters, judges, farmers, and adventurers in search of religious freedom and economic opportunity for their families and themselves. Here are some of their stories.

The Throckmorton-Lippit-Taylor Burying Ground

Edward was a Member of the Assembly in 1768, 1772, and 1774, and a member of the Provincial Congress of New Jersey in 1775 and 1776. At the beginning of the American Revolution, he supported the Patriots’ cause by sending supplies to the people in Boston. When his son, George, became a Colonel in the British army, Edward became sympathetic to the Royalist cause. Brigadier General David Forman sent a letter to him dated July 2, 1777. Edward was told to stay on his farm in Middletown until further notice. Some of his neighbors suspected that he was a British spy who had given information to his son, thus, enabling him and his soldiers to escape from the militia. The war years were difficult for Edward because his political convictions differed from many of his neighbors.

Colonel George Taylor was Edward’s son. He married Deborah Carman in 1752, and they are both buried here. During his early military life, George was an officer in the militia. When the Revolution began, he was commanding a battalion of militia in the Continental Army until he had a change of heart. In July 1776, he gave up his commission with the militia and joined the Loyal Volunteers as a Colonel in the King’s service.

Women were very important in colonial America. They maintained the home and raised the children. Their husbands’ economic and political status brought some of them prestige and for some ridicule and hardship. One of those ladies was Phebe Taylor.

Phebe Taylor died on July 10, 1791. Her life must have been interesting because her husband and brother were prominent figures during the American Revolution, and they were on opposite sides. Phebe’s husband was Squire John Taylor, Edward’s brother. He was a Royal Sheriff of Monmouth County and a Loyalist. In 1777, Admiral Lord Howe came here to offer terms of reconciliation to the Patriots, and he appointed John "His Majesty’s Lord High Commissioner of New Jersey". As a result, his neighbors who were Patriots took part

of his land for public use and paid him with depreciated Continental currency, denying him the true value of his property. Phebe is buried here but John is not.

Phebe’s brother was General Nathaniel Heard in the Continental Army. On June 19, 1776, during a midnight raid, he arrested William Franklin, New Jersey’s Royal Governor and turned him over to the Patriots. After being released from a prison in Connecticut, Franklin ultimately sailed back to England. On September 12, 1776, Heard’s brigade took part in George Washington’s evacuation of New York City. His brigade consisted of sixteen companies of 160 officers and 1,762 enlisted men. During the war, Heard kept Washington apprised of what the British were doing at Sandy Hook. General Heard left part of his estate to Phebe. He is buried in Woodbridge.

The term "a house divided" pertained to the Taylor family of Middletown. Though Edward, George, and John Taylor were Loyalists; other Taylors were Patriots. Colonel George’s son, Edward, was a Captain in the Continental Army.

Eleanor Taylor Lyell, daughter of Edward Taylor Esq., was married to Captain Fenwick Lyell. He was a captain on merchant vessels and was lost at sea. Their sons, Fenwick and John, were cabinetmakers who had shops in Middletown Village and New York City in the late 1700’s. Some of their pieces are with the Monmouth County Historical Association in Freehold. Eleanor and her sons are buried here.

The men and women who are interred in this burying ground were courageous and adventurous. They founded new settlements in the wilderness and followed their political and religious convictions with dignity. Their commitment for a better life continues today in the spirit of Middletown.





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